Most Common Orthopedic Surgeries

Orthopedic surgery refers to a type of surgery performed primarily with bones, muscles, joints, tendons, and ligaments. This is known as the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgery may be required if there was a fracture or break in a bone or ligament.

These types of procedures are commonly needed for those who have a sports injury, get into a car accident or any other accident that affects the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgery is the best way to repair and recover from such instances. Let’s take a closer look at all the different kinds of orthopedic surgeries.

Joint Replacement

One common type of orthopedic surgery is a joint replacement surgery. This type of procedure involves replacing an injured joint with a prosthetic one. It’s very common for joints to give way from injury or old age, specifically the hip and knee joints. This is why this procedure is one of the most sought after orthopedic surgeries. While this procedure is very common, there are still some risks. This includes a failed prosthetic implant or the possibility of materials getting into the bloodstream.

Among the joint replacement procedures, the most common on hip replacement and knee replacement:

Hip replacement surgery involves either the ball and socket joint being entirely replaced with a prosthetic made of metal or plastic, or a replacement of just the damaged parts of the hip joint. This hip joint is a ball and socket joint that connects the thigh bone to the hip bone. When everything is working properly, this ball and socket work smoothy, hand in hand.

Knee replacement surgery involves either replacing the entire knee joint with metal components if it is a total knee replacement or only replacing the damaged portion of the knee for a partial knee replacement. Knee replacement surgery helps when the carriage of the knee joint is damaged. When this happens, mobility is limited and painful. This is why it’s necessary to replace these key parts of the knee.

ACL Surgery

The ACL, or the anterior cruciate ligament, is one of the major ligaments of the knee that resides in the front of your knee. This ligament is positioned diagonally and provides your knee the stability you need when moving your legs in specific ways. It’s the reason why we can cut back and forth, such as in soccer or skiing — the ACL provides this flexibility in our knee. When someone tears their ACL, they lose this flexibility and it can be very painful. During this surgery, a piece of tendon is taken from another part of your body to replace the ACL. The recovery period is different for every person, but for most, you can resume walking within a few weeks. For athletes, the recovery time may be 6 months to a year, requiring a good amount of therapy to heal.

Shoulder Replacement

Shoulder replacement requires a surgeon to remove the upper part of the arm bone and replace it with a metal ball, and a plastic prosthetic sits in for the socket. If the rotator cuff (the ligaments that hold the shoulder together) is injured as well then the reverse procedure takes place: the plastic prosthetic is placed on top of the humerus and the metal ball in the socket.


There are few different types of spinal surgeries including spinal fusion, laminectomy, and diskectomy. These surgeries are extremely important, as the spine is a crucial part of our body that supports our skeletal system. To learn more about treating spinal injuries, reach out to Integrated Injury Specialists today!


Orthopedic surgery of the ankle is necessary if the bones aren’t properly aligned, perhaps after an injury or fracture. In this procedure, the bones are aligned appropriately and then held together with implants.

Joint Fusion

This surgery is typical for people experiencing arthritis. The damaged cartilage is first removed, then replaced with a graft, and finally, the bones around the joint are welded together.

If you have experienced an injury or are suffering from bone or ligament pain, don’t hesitate to call a professional, such as Integrated Injury Specialists, to receive a consultation today.